Evaluation of Affecting Factors on Citizen Participation in Comprehensive Waste Management (Case Study of Districts 8 and 12 in Tehran)

Document Type: Research Article


1 Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 School of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


The purpose of the present study is to identify the effective factors in citizen participation in waste generation and waste separation and their scientific analysis. In order to accomplish this goal, using descriptive-inferential research method, information was collected by documentary method. The statistical population of the study consisted of the citizens of two districts of Tehran 8 and 12, which had the highest and the lowest participation in separation of waste source, respectively. Data were analyzed using relative frequency tables, Likert verbal scale, Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test and correlation test and regression method. The results of hypotheses test indicated significant relationship between variables of age, level of education, occupations, average monthly income, number of households, citizen education and awareness, and participation rates. Also the results of Kruskal-Wallis statistical test showed that there is a significant relationship between gender and participation, but the relationship between housing ownership and participation is not significant.


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