Peace or War? Intelligent Development of Iran Environmental Diplomacy

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Industrial Management, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 School of Environment, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Allameh Tabataba'i University, Faculty of Social Communication Sciences, Tehran, Iran



The issue of environment is one of the most important axes of a country's development, in other words, Sustainable development of a country is in its environmental group. Attention to the natural environment of the country, water resources, forests and pastures, protected areas and national parks, sensitive habitats. All of them is considered as a key component of a set of neighborhoods, regional and international sustainable development. Economic, industrial and social progress in the past few decades in Iran has caused the environment to be exploited beyond its resource capacity, an issue that left devastating consequences in this area. Iran's strategic position in the Middle East and the world and its financial, economic and political relations have made it more sensitive to environmental issues. Water issues with neighbors, Issues related to environmental pollution and resource constraints, import of various products, Chemical pollution, dust and fire in the eastern, southern and western part of the country, requires strong environmental diplomacy for the country. In this regard, Iran's relations with neighboring countries are the first priority. The main question is whether we are in an environmental war or we are at peace. The purpose of this study is to express multilateral environmental issues with neighbors and create a framework for environmental diplomacy in the country. In this regard, reviewing the process of environmental diplomacy in Iran and providing scientific and strategic frameworks can be a great way for Iran's future in the region.


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