Role of Crisis Management in Reducing Socio-Psychological Vulnerabilities after Natural Disasters (Case study: Citizens of Bam City)

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Institute of Research Index, Isfahan, Iran

2 School of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran,Iran

3 School of Environment, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Natural disasters in various forms have been identified as destructive phenomena during the life of earth planet and are also a serious threat to the inhabitants of the planet. Therefore, this issue leaded to the formation of a process called crisis management which includes activities occurring before, within and after the event to reduce the vulnerability. The country of Iran is considered as one of the world's affected countries from natural disasters due to its geographical location and climate diversity. In this research, the role of crisis management in reducing the socio-psychological vulnerability of affected citizens in 2003 earthquake of Bam city was investigated. Library and field study methods have been used to collect information in this study. Also, a qualitative-quantitative method was used to analyze the data by employing the theme method and consequently the most important factors affecting the citizen's socio-psychological vulnerabilities of Bam city after the earthquake were identified.

Keywords


Ajami, S. and Fattahi, M. (2009). The role of earthquake information management systems (EIMSs) in reducing destruction: A comparative study of Japan, Turkey and Iran. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 18, 150-161.

Armas, I. and Gavris, A. (2013). Social vulnerability assessment using spatial multi-criteria analysis (SEVI model) and the Social Vulnerability Index (SoVI model)- a case study for Bucharest, Romania. National hazards and earth system sciences, 13, 1481-1499.

Barthe-Delanoe, A.M., Montarnal, A., Truptil, S., Benaben, F. and Pingaud, H. (2018). Towards the agility of collaborative workflows through an event driven approach- Application to crisis management. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 28, 214-224.

Bedini, M.A. and Bronzini, F. (2018). The post-earthquake experience in Italy. Difficulties and the possibility of planning the resurgence of the territories affected by earthquakes. Land Use Policy, 78, 303-315.

Boukri, M., Naboussi Farsi, M., Mebarki, A., Belazougui, M., Ait-Belkacem, M., Yousfi, N., Guessoum, N., Ait Benamar, D., Naili, M., Mezouar, N. and Amellal, O. (2018). Seismic vulnerability assessment at urban scale: Case of Algerian buildings. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 31, 555-575.

Cordero-Reyes, A.M., Palacios, I., Ramia, D., West, R., Valencia, M., Ramia, N., Egas, D., Rodas, P., Bahamonde, M. and Grunauer, M. (2017). Natural disaster management: experience of an academic institution after a 7.8 magnitude earthquake in Ecuador. Public Health, 144, 134-141. 

Darban Astaneh, A.R., (2006). Spatial analysis of social vulnerability of households against Earthquake (case study: district 6 of Tehran). Human Geography Research, 2, 465-484.

Fallahi, A. (2008). Bam earthquake reconstruction assessment: an interdisciplinary analytical study on the risk preparedness of Bam and its cultural landscape: a world heritage property in danger. Structural Survey, 26, 387-399.

He, L., Aitchison, J.C., Hussey, K., Wei, Y. and Lo, A. (2018). Accumulation of vulnerabilities in the aftermath of the 2015 Nepal earthquake: Household displacement, livelihood changes and recovery challenges. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 31, 68-75.

Hosseini, M. (2008). Crisis Management. Institute of Sepehr Publication, 1stedition.

Mallick, B., Rubayat Rahaman, K. and Vogt, J. (2011). Social vulnerability analysis for sustainable disaster mitigation planning in coastal Bangladesh. Disaster Prevention and Management: an International Journal, 20, 220-237.

Nekoei-Moghadam, M., Amiresmaili, M. and Aradoei, Z. (2016). Inestigation of obstacles against effective crisis management in earthquake. Journal of Acute Disease, 5, 91-95.

Pongponrat, K. and Ishii, K. (2017). Social vulnerability of marginalized people in times of disaster: Case of Thai women in Japan Tsunami 2011. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 27, 133-141.

Robat Mili, R., Amini Hosseini, K. and Izadkhah, Y.O. (2018). Developing a holistic model for earthquake risk assessment and disaster management interventions in urban fabrics. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 27, 355-365.

Solberg, C., Rossetto, T. and Joffe, H. (2010). The social psychology of seismic hazard adjustment: re-evaluating the international literature. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 10, 1663-1677.

Uekusa, S. (2017). Social vulnerability in disasters: immigrant and refugee experiences in Canterbury and Tohoku. In Recovering from Catastrophic Disaster in Asia, 18, 127-144.

Unlu, A., Kapucu, N. and Sahin, B. (2010). Disaster and crisis management in Turkey: a need for a unified crisis management system. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 19, 155-174.

Villegas-Gonlzalez, P.A., Ramos-Canon, A.M., Gonzalez-Mendez, M., Gonzalez-Salazar, R.E. and De Plaza-Solorzano, J.S. (2017). Territorial vulnerability assessment frame in Colombia: Disater risk management. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 21, 384-395.