Environmental and Economic Evaluation of Municipal Solid Waste Management using WAGS Model – Air Pollutant Emission and Fuel Economy in Waste Collection Sector

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 School of Environment, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Kish International Campus, University of Tehran, Kish, Iran

Abstract

Solid waste collection, transfer and transportation (SWCTT) is a fundamental component of solid waste management systems that contributes to both the costs and environmental emissions associated with managing solid waste. The objective of this study is to project the fuel consumption and fuel costs of SWCTT in Tehran from 2018 to 2032. A further objective is to evaluate the air pollutant emissions from fuel consumption of SWCTT vehicles. For these purposes Waste Guidance System (WAGS) and Energy and Environment software were applied. Results of the present study showed that more than 39 million dollars would be required during the next 15 years in the SWCTT sector to supply 366 million liters of diesel fuel. In the context of local air pollution impact, about 9902.8, 6161.7, 73.5, 2639.6, 8065.5 and 4839.2 of NOX, SO2, SO3, CO, CH and SPM will be anticipated to be emitted by SWCTT sector in Tehran during the studied period.

Keywords


Abbasi, M., Kamalan, H.R. (2018).Waste Management Planning in Amirkabir Petrochemical

Complex. Environ. Energy Econ. Res., 2(1), 63-74.

Abduli, M.A., Naghib, A., Yonesi, M. and Akbari, A. (2011). Life cycle assessment (LCA) of solid waste management strategies in Tehran: landfill and composting plus landfill. Environ. Monit. Assess., 178(1-4), 487-498.

Agar, B,J., Baetz, B.W., Wilson, B.G. (2007). Fuel consumption, emissions estimation, and emissions cost estimates using global positioning data. Air  Waste Manag. Assoc., 57, 348-354.

Akbarpour Shirazi, M., Samieifard, R., Abduli, M.A. and Omidvar, B. (2016). Mathematical modeling in municipal solid waste management: case study of Tehran. J. Environ. Health Sci. Eng., 14(8), 1-12.

Akhavan Limoodehi, F., Tayefeh, S.M., Heydari, R. and Abdoli, M.A. (2017). Life Cycle Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management in Tehran. Environ. Energy Econ. Res., 1(2), 207-218.

Akhtar, M., Hannan, M.A., Begum, R.A., Basri, H. and Scavino, E. (2017). Backtracking search algorithm in CVRP models for efficient solid waste collection and route optimization. Waste Manag., 61, 117-128.

Ansari, M., Pakrou, S., Abdoli, M.A. and Karbasi, A. (2015). Optimization of MSW Collection Routes Using GIS (Case Study: Tabriz City). Curr. World Environ., 10(1), 882-890.

Boskovic, G., Jovicic, N., Jovanovic, S. and Simovic, V. (2016). Calculating the costs of waste collection: A methodological proposal. Waste Manag. Res., 34(8), 775-783.

Damghani, A.M., Savarypour, G., Zand, E. and Deihimfard, R. (2008). Municipal solid waste management in Tehran: Current practices, opportunities and challenges. Waste Manag., 28, 929-934.

Das, S. and Bhattacharyya, B.Kr., (2015). Optimization of municipal solid waste collection and transportation routes. Waste Manag., 43, 9-18.

De Jaeger, S. and Rogge, N. (2013). Waste pricing policies and cost-efficiency in municipal waste services: the case of Flanders. Waste Manag. Res., 31(7), 751-758.

Fahlen, E. and Ahlgren, E.O. (2010). Accounting for external environmental costs in a study of a Swedish district-heating system e an assessment of simplified approaches. Energy Policy, 38, 4909-4920.

Ferreira, F., Avelino, C., Bentes, I., Matos, C. and Afonso Teixeira, C. (2017). Assessment strategies for municipal selective waste collection schemes. Waste Manag., 59, 3-13.

Fontaras, G., Martini, G., Manfredi, U., Marotta, A., Krasenbrink, A., Maffioletti, F., Terenghi, R. and Colombo, M. (2012). Assessment of on-road emissions of four Euro V diesel and CNG waste collection trucks for supporting air-quality improvement initiatives in the city of Milan. Sci. Total Environ., 426, 65-72.

Ghasemi Gorbandi, N. and Ghiyasi, S. (2016). Minab Urban Waste Management by WAGS Software. Int. J. Adv. Biotechnol. Res., 7(3), 270-278.

Larsen, A.W., Vrgoc, M. and Christensen, T.H. (2009). Diesel consumption in waste collection and transport and its environmental significance. Waste Manag. Res., 27, 652-659.

Lopez, J.M., Flores, N., Jimenez, F. and Aparicio, F. (2010). Emissions pollutant from diesel, biodiesel and natural gas refuse collection vehicles in urban areas. Highw. urban environ., 17, 141-148.

Maimoun, M.A., Reinhart, D.R., Gammoh, F.T. and McCauley Bush, P. (2013). Emissions from US waste collection vehicles. Waste Manag., 33, 1079-1089.

Mavrotas, G., Gakis, N., Skoulaxinou, S., Katsouros, V. and Georgopoulou, E. (2015). Municipal solid waste management and energy production: Consideration of external cost through multi-objective optimization and its effect on waste-to-energy solutions. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 51, 1205-1222.

Mazloomi, S., Vaez Madani, BA.S., Hosseini, M., Majlessi, M. and Amarlooei, A. (2015). Analyzing costs of collection and transportation of municipal solid waste using WAGs and Arc GIS: A case study in Tabriz, Iran. J. Adv. Environ. Health Res., 3(4), 258-265.

Melare, A.V.S., Gonzalez, S.M., Faceli, K. and Casadei, V. (2017). Technologies and decision support systems to aid solid-waste management: a systematic review. Waste Manag., 59, 567-584.

Nabavi-Pelesaraei, A., Bayat, R., Hosseinzadeh-Bandbafha, H., Afrasyabi, H. and Chau, K.W. (2017). Modeling of energy consumption and environmental life cycle assessment for incineration and landfill systems of municipal solid waste management - A case study in Tehran Metropolis of Iran. J. Clean. Prod., 148, 427-440.

Nguyen-Trong, K., Nguyen-Thi-Ngoc, A., Nguyen-Ngoc, D. and Dinh-Thi-Hai, V. (2017). Optimization of municipal solid waste transportation by integrating GIS analysis, equation-based, and agent-based model. Waste Manag., 59, 14-22.

Nguyen, T.T. and Wilson, B.G. (2010). Fuel consumption estimation for kerbside municipal solid waste (MSW) collection activities. Waste Manag. Res., 28(4), 289-297.

Rajaeifar, M.A., Tabatabaei, M., Ghanavati, H., Khoshnevisan, B. and Rafiee, S., (2015). Comparative life cycle assessment of different municipal solid waste Management scenarios in Iran. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 51, 886-898. 

Sandhu, G.S., Christopher Frey, H., Bartelt-Hunt, S. and Jones, E. (2016). Real-world activity, fuel use, and emissions of diesel side-loader refuse trucks. Atmos. Environ., 129, 98-104.

Seiiedsafavian , S.T. and Fataei, E. (2012). Designing Storage, Collection and Transportation System of Municipal Waste. Int. Proc. Chem., Biol. Environ. Eng., 42, 40-45.

Sen, A.K., Tiwari, G. and Upadhyay, V. (2010). Estimating marginal external costs of transport in Delhi. Transp. Policy, 17(1), 27-37.

UN-HABITAT (2010). Collection of Municipal Solid Waste in Developing Countries. Gutenberg Press, Malta.

Vahidi, H., Nematollahi, H., Padash. A., Sadeghi, B., RiyaziNejad, M. (2017).Comparison of Rural Solid Waste Management in Two Central Provinces of Iran. Environ. Energy Econ. Res., 1(2), 195-206.

Vecchi, T.P.B., Surco, D,F., Constantino, A.A., Steiner, M.T.A., Jorge, L.M.M., Ravagnani, M.A.S.S. and Paraiso, P.R. (2016). A sequential approach for the optimization of truck routes for solid waste collection.Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 102, 238-250.

Xue, W., Cao, K. and Li, W. (2015). Municipal solid waste collection optimization in Singapore. Appl. Geogr., 62, 182-190.

Zhang, D., Soon Keat, T. and Gersberg, R.M., (2010). A comparison of municipal solid waste management in Berlin and Singapore. Waste Manag., 30, 921-933.