Prediction of Air Pollution Index by the GIS Tools During Cold Seasons in the Commercial Zones of Tehran

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

10.22097/eeer.2019.192247.1095

Abstract

The main market of Tehran in district 12 (16.91 km2) including 6 zones located in the city center is the considerable economic pole of Iran, with the floating population and intra city trips, which are playing an important role in the air pollution. The present study aimed to investigate how the air index pollutants emitted in the cold seasons. There were 22 main locations determined for sampling, which was 10 times measured and the average is presented. Coincided with the review of early studies, the Zones of the regions were visited and a checklist of industries and centers with the potential of pollution was prepared. Then, according to the expert’s comments and guidelines of the Department of Environment, the pollutants of the centers were identified and by referring to the GIS unit of the district 12, digital layers were received and the relevant maps were prepared. The air pollutants of the region were zoned based on the measurements using ArcGIS software by IDW interpolation method. The air pollutants in the region include volatile organic compounds BTEX: containing benzene (13.04 – 388.71 ppb); toluene (5.99 - 942.8 ppb); ethylbenzene (0.00016-37.13 ppb); xylene (0.00016-37.13 ppb); PM10 (33.22– 200 μg/m3); PM2.5 (19-170 μg/m3, SO2 0.239 - 0.149 ppm); NO2 (0.17-0.27 ppm); CO (0.11- 11.91 ppm) and O3 (0 - 0.022 ppm) was measured. Finally, the results of the air pollutant analysis and managerial solutions of control were analyzed and its reduction in district 12 was presented.

Keywords


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