RDF Production from Municipal Wastes (Case Study: Babol City)

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Natural Resources, Savadkooh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Savadkooh, Iran

2 Department of Environmental Engineering, International Campus – Kish Island, University of Tehran, Kish Island, Iran


Today, with the advancement of technology, turning waste into fuel has been considered as an inexhaustible source of energy production, especially in industries with high energy consumption. The most important of these industries are Cement and Iron Smelting factories. Babol, as one of the largest provinces in the north of the country, has been facing waste management crisis for several years with about 300 tons of waste per day. Currently, more than 90% of the waste collected from this city is landfilled. According to the waste analysis and prediction of RDF (Refuse-derived fuel) production from refuse materials of the composting line, the landfill was prevented by closing the cycle of waste recycling and processing. In this study, in addition to describing RDF production process, its steps and equipment and taking into account the physical analysis of waste in Babol province, the recycling and processing plans of waste in this city have been proposed by reducing the biological- physical volume (MBWT) and prediction of RDF production. It is expected that the landfill will be completely halted by fully implementing the proposed plan. It is also possible to recycle old landfilled materials through a specific and medium-term schedule and by recovering landfilled materials and injecting them into the system, which of course will bear its own costs.


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