To Review the Situation of Carbon Footprint in Iran Trade Balance by CGE Approach

Document Type : Review Article


1 Department of Economic, Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch, Kerman, Iran

2 Faculty of Management and Economics, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

3 Faculty of Management and Economics, Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch, Kerman, Iran


Pollutants of Carbon flow virtually by streaming the Goods and services among the countries. Due to the Carbon Footprint (CFP) in economical divisions as well as subdivisions in Iran, the main objective of this paper is to specify the effects of Carbon footprint on import and export of various sections in the framework of Computable General Equilibrium Model. It’s used the social accounting matrix (SAM) for the data analysis in 2011. The results show the situation of Carbon footprint on total imports of Iran’s economic affects meaningfully and reversely. Also the reducing of the Carbon emissions is in the line of increasing this gas from viewpoint of direction. The situation of Carbon footprint on the Country’s exports affects meaningfully and reversely. Although increasing the Co2 emissions affects positively in the most of Iran’s economical divisions including agriculture, industry and services but effects reversely in energy subdivisions, in such a way that it influences on exports of petroleum, gas and coal reversely and also it just affects on exports of petroleum products directly. Based on the weight of each product in the Country’s exports, the resultant of the effects for Carbon footprint situation has been estimated reversely.


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